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Topic 23: British History II: The History of the British Isles from the Industrial Revolution to the Present Day

  1. The Wars with France. Castlereagh and the Congress of Vienna. Peterloo and the Six Acts. Liberal (New) Toryism: Reforms in the economy, the justice system and new trends in foreign policy. Catholic emancipation.
  2. Chartism and the Anti Corn Law League. Victorian Party politics. The emergence of the of the Liberal and Conservative parties, their leaders and their policies: economic, social and foreign. Portraits of Disraeli and Gladstone.
  3. A Century of Reform Bills. 1832, 1867, 1872, 1884-85, 1911, 1949. Elaborate on the process of the extension of the franchise and the redistribution parliamentary seats in Britain.
  4. Britain and Europe: Victorian foreign policy under Palmerston, Disraeli, Gladstone, and Lansdowne. British attitudes to France, Germany, Russia, Ottoman Turkey and Austria-Hungary. General doctrines, particular problems. The Eastern Question.
  5. Britain and the World. The expansion and administration of the British Empire, 1815-1931. India: the East India Company, the Sepoy Mutiny (1857), direct rule, and "The Great Game". The "Scramble for Africa". White dominions vs. Coloured colonies. The post-First World War mandates. Economic decline and political tensions from the late 19th century. Rapid retreat: decolonisation after the Second World War.
  6. The struggle for Irish autonomy and independence. The Home Rule Bills. Radicalisation: Fenians, the IRB, Sinn Fein and the Easter Rising. Partition. Ireland and Great Britain during the two world wars. The origins of the Troubles.
  7. Liberal landslide in 1906. David Lloyd George, Winston Churchill and the "People's Budget" of 1909. The question of tariffs and armaments. The "Strange Death of Liberalism", 1910-1914: the workers, women and Ireland. Britain and the origins of the First World War. Britain's changing position in the world, 1890s to 1914, especially with regard to Germany, France, Russia and the Ottoman Empire. The Boer War. The Eastern Question comes to a head. Accommodation with Japan. The foreign policy of Sir Edward Grey.
  8. Great Britain and the First World War. The desperate reckoning: August 1914-December 1916. Lloyd George and his new dispensation: War Cabinet, War Economy. Britain and the Peace treaties, 1919-1923. The new British Mandates in the Middle East.
  9. Great Britain during the interwar years. The end of the wartime coalition, deep economic crisis. The question of the Gold Standard. The first Labour government. European security: Britain and the Treaty of Locarno. The General Strike of 1926. The National Government. Stanley Baldwin, Neville Chamberlain and the question of the appeasement of dictators on the Continent.
  10. Britain and the Second World War. The Phoney War, Norway, Dunkirk. The Fall of France, Churchill becomes Prime Minister. Changes in administration; the home policies of the new government; the role of Clement Attlee and the Trade Union leaders. 1940; the Battle of Britain: Britain's "Finest Hour". Retreat from Greece. In the "Grand Alliance". Campaigns in Africa, D-Day and Europe. The great wartime conferences. Britain's diminishing role in the Alliance. The "Home Front" and social transformation. The significance of the Beveridge Report.
  11. The Attlee government and the nationalisation of key industries and the Bank of England. Aneurin Bevan and the National Health Service. Democratisation of the education system. Financial collapse. Retreat from Empire: India, Palestine, the Persian Gulf, Africa, Malaya. Relations with the United States, the Commonwealth and Europe. Churchill and Eden. The fiasco at Suez in 1956.
  12. From political consensus to confrontation. Macmillan, Wilson, Heath, Callaghan and Thatcher. What does the term "Butskellism" refer to? Describe Britain's faltering process of accession to the European Economic Community, and the subsequent difficulties of membership. Margaret Thatcher and Neo-Conservatism.

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last edited on Tue Dec 31 23:00:00 CET 2002, by peter.szigetvari@elte.hu