The European Origins of American Culture (Az amerikai kultúra európai gyökerei) in spring 2014
Frank Tibor, Mon 10:00–11:30, R356, host: DAS (R306)
5-credit seminar, 30 h/term; strong prereq: BMA-AMED-310 311
description & set texts
The European Origins of American Culture Syllabus This course surveys the various connections between the cultures and societies of the United States and Europe, assessing some of the wider implications and impacts. Culture and society in the United States have been historically rooted in European experience and tradition. The origins of American culture go back to European countries such as England, Germany, The Netherlands, and Scandinavia, Later almost every single European nation and ethnic group contributed to American civilization, in terms of norms and values, political institutions and philosophy, science and the humanities, arts and literature. The historical relations between Europe and America resulted in a rich and complex diversity of interactive patters which have been the dominating features of America as a culture. A specific focus of the course is the area of East Central Europe and the former Austro-Hungarian Monarchy, a region that impacted American culture and civilization to a very considerable degree. The sciences, mathematics, technology transfer, music, the arts have been among the many different fields that left a lasting imprint on the U.S. Germany, Austria, and Hungary sent a surprising number of outstanding scientists and musicians to the U.S. who left a lasting legacy in nuclear research, applied physics and chemistry, as well as in performing and recording classical European music. It is safe to say that much of the serious scientific, artistic, and cultural achievements, most of what can be described as ‘modern’ in the U.S. can be traced back to Central Europe whose modernizing influence has been unusually strong and marked. In this sense, the course maps the development and transfer of Central European ‘modernism’ in the United States. Schedule of Classes Week I European cultures and the United States Week II Perception and reception Week III The British university tradition Week IV German social sciences in the U.S. Week V German engineering traditions Week VI Italian influences: music, cuisine, crime Week VII The impact of British and Hungarian cinema Week VIII “The Muses Fleeing Hitler” Week IX Russian-Jewish traditions Week X Hungarian Americans Week XI Hungarian scientists and musicians in the U.S. Week XII New Orleans and the survival of French culture Week XIII Patterns of European/U.S. architecture Week XIV Relocating the European musical tradition Readings for Course Textbooks Alan Brinkley, The Unfinished Nation (McGraw-Hill, 1993) Gary B. Nash, Julie Roy Jeffrey et al., The American People (HarperCollins, 3rd ed., 1994) Select Texts Thomas Archdeacon, Becoming American (New York: The Free Press, 1983) Bernard Bailyn, Voyagers to the West (New York: Knopf, 1986) Theodore C. Blegen, Norwegian Migration to America, Vols. 1-2 (1931-1940) John Bodnar, The Transplanted: A History of Immigrants in Urban America (Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1985) Daniel J. Boorstin, America and the Image of Europe (New York: Meridian, 1960) George J. Borjas, Friends or Strangers. The Impact of Immigrants on the U. S. Economy (BasicBooks, 1990) Bowers, David Frederick, ed. Foreign Influences in American Life. Essays and Critical Bibliographies (Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1944) Francis J. Brown, and Joseph Slabey Roucek, eds. One America. The History, Contributions, and Present Problems of Our Racial and National Minorities (New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1945) Lewis A. Coser, Refugee Scholars in America: Their Impact and Their Experiences (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1984) J. H. Elliott, The Old World and the New, 1492-1650 (1970) Charlotte Erickson, ed. Emigration from Europe 1815-1914. Select Documents (London: Adam and Charles Black, 1976) Albert B. Faust, The German Element in the United States, Vols. 1-2 (1909) Laura Fermi, Illustrious Immigrants. The Intellectual Migration from Europe 1930-1941 (2nd rev. ed. Chicago-London: University of Chicago Press, 1971) Donald Fleming and Bernard Bailyn, eds. The Intellectual Migration. Europe and America, 1930-1960 (Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1969) Franz Goldner, Die österreichische Emigration 1938 bis 1945 (2., erweiterte Auflage. Wien-München: Herold Verlag, 1977; English ed.: Austrian Emigration 1938 to 1945. New York: Frederick Ungar Publishing Co., 1979) Marcus L. Hanson, The Atlantic Migration, 1607-1860 (1940) Winfried Herget and Karl Ortseifen, eds. The Transit of Civilisation from Europe to America. Essays in Honor of Hans Galinsky (Tübingen: Günter Narr Verlag, 1986) John Higham, Strangers in the Land. Patterns of American Nativism, 1860-1925 (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 1955) Martin Jay, Permanent Exiles: Essays on the International Migration from Germany to America (New York: Columbia University Press, 1985) John Kosa, The Home of the Learned Man: A Symposium on the Immigrant Scholar in America (New Haven, Conn.: College & University Press, 1968) Michael R. Marrus, The Unwanted. European Refugees in the Twentieth Century (New York-Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1985) Cynthia McCabe, The Golden Door. Artist-Immigrants of America, 1876-1976 (Washington, D.C.: Smithsonian Institution Press, 1976) Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America: The Northern Voyages (1971) Samuel Eliot Morison, The European Discovery of America: The Southern Voyages (1974) J. H. Parry, Europe and the New World, 1415-1715 (1949) Perspectives in American History, Vol. 2: The Intellectual Migration: Europe and America, 1930-1960 (Cambridge, Mass., 1968) Thomas Sowell, Ethnic America (1981) Philip Taylor, The Distant Magnet: European Emigration to the U.S.A. (1971)
requirements & assessment
Course Requirements (1) An oral presentation on one of the selected topics, based on individual research guided by professor (2) A paper of cca 12-15 pages, based on the oral presentation Grading: Attendance 10%, oral presentation 40%, final paper 50%